In 2000, all 189 United Nations member states committed to achieve eight human development goals by 2015. Among these goals was the need to halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
Bolivia comfortably met the goal of improving drinking water access for most of its population. The Andean country was aiming towards a 78,5 per cent of water supply by 2015, a peak reached time before that year. Evo Morales’ government and several international institutions made an effort to fund and help development, and that definitely paid off. The public administration devoted special attention with the role of the Ministry of the Environment and MI Agua, Más Inversores en Agua (More Water Investors), presidential programme.
According to the reports jointly produced by the World Health Organization and UNICEF, in 1990 half of Bolivia’s population lacked drinking water at home. Today, nearly 80 per cent of the population have access to these resources. In spite of the dramatic progress, we should not forget that there are still 2 million people living without drinking water in Bolivia.
It would appear that Bolivia is finding difficulties in improving access to sanitation. Almost half of the nearly 11 million Bolivians have poor access. This rate is even worse as we focus on the rural areas, where three-quarters of the population lack toilets and latrines.
Between 1990 and 2010, more than 2 billion people gained access to improved drinking water fountains. This allowed the world to achieve one of the Millennium Development Goals five years ahead of schedule.